So, what does mitigating climate change mean?
Basically, it’s the reduction of releasing greenhouse gases, which are the culprits for our warming planet.
There are many different mitigation strategies that our world and its many organizations have emplaced.
Some of these strategies include:
- Retrofitting buildings in order to make them more energy efficient
- Taking on renewable energy sources such as solar, small hydro, and wild
- Aiding cities in the development of sustainable transport systems such as electric vehicles, biofuels, and bus rapid transit
- The promotion of more sustainable land and forest use
In this article, we will outline the various climate change mitigation ideas, why they’re needed, and how the planet will become mitigated in order to sustain life for years to come.
Why is Climate Change Mitigation Needed?
Roughly 1.4 billion people rely on traditional fuels such as wood and coal in order to meet their most basic energy requirements. These methods are not just devastating on our environment but they have also shown to result in the death of millions of people, particularly women and children.
Global energy demand is predicted to exceed 50% by 2035. These new energy consumers need a clean source of energy that won’t hurt the environment or themselves.
Climate change mitigation is needed so that these new customers can be introduced to new ways of consuming energy to ensure the safety of our species – to ensure that the climate change issue doesn’t become any worse than it is already predicted.
The Paris Climate Agreement and Mitigation
The Paris Agreement was set in order to strengthen our global response to climate change threats by maintaining a balanced global temperature below 2 degrees Celsius.
While this is still fairly high, it’s been proven to be a safe temperature to ensure that life on Earth continues to thrive without any climate disruptions or imbalances.
This agreement also has been made to help strengthen countries’ ability to handle the effects of climate change.
Financial movement from more developed countries, enhanced building frameworks, and new technologies are some of the establishments required to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement. The agreement also ensured that supportive action from developed countries are given to the more vulnerable countries.
All countries involved in the Paris Agreement are required to check their emissions and report about their efforts.
Some important aspects of the Paris climate agreement are:
- Goal of maintaining the temperature below 2 degrees Celsius
- To mitigate climate change
- To strengthen and conserve the reservoirs and sinks of greenhouse gases
- Flows of funds for climate finance to address climate change mitigation
This important agreement will become fully effective as soon as all 55 countries responsible for producing 55% of the world’s greenhouse emissions accept and approve of the agreement.
Let’s look at some of these important aspects a bit closer.
What is Climate Finance?
The climate finance deals with the flows of funds from different areas in order to address climate change adaptation and mitigation through the implementation of specific programs and projects.
Climate finance is crucial to answering the demands of climate change. Large investments are needed in order to reduce emissions – especially involving sectors that are large emitters of greenhouse gases.
This Paris Agreement aspect is also important for adaptation since finances are needed to let countries adapt to the many effects of climate change. This area is a vital part to climate change agreements as it is aimed towards the transition of climate-resilience and low-carbon development and growth.
What Does the Paris Climate Agreement Say About Mitigation?
Mitigation is the measurement taken to prevent the effects of climate change. This is primarily done through the process of reducing greenhouse emissions. Mitigation involves both increasing the ability of carbon sinks as well as reducing environmentally unfriendly emissions.
The mitigation plan set through the Paris Agreement has incorporated an increased dependence on carbon-neutral fuels.
Also, climate engineering has been included to measure the focus on greenhouse gas removal – more specifically, carbon dioxide.
All of these strategies are essential in developing countries.
Will These Mitigation Strategies Work?
Although mitigation strategies are being implemented, the effects of climate change are already present in many lives today. Extreme weather patterns, shrunken glaciers, acidification and ocean warming, and sea level rise – just to name a few.
Experts say there’s not much chance of us reversing the damage that has already been done.
What does that mean?
It means we need to adapt to these dramatic changes and minimize future damages.
These mitigation strategies required are dependent on the specific area and the type of effect the area is experiencing or suffering from. That being said, international associations need to work together in order to ensure adaptations are coordinated and addressed properly.