For the skeptical minds that say climate change is not real, there have been large amounts of accumulated information over the past few years that may be surprising to discover.

Two new studies in particular which were published in 2017 have helped resolve climate denial arguments. More specifically, they have helped resolve the difference between what climate models have been predicting and what true measurements have been recorded.

These results have single handedly undermined the two main arguments used by climate change deniers, despite the prevailing scientific information and conclusions on our planet’s warming condition.

This article will outline these findings, how they were discovered, and what we should be expecting in the future.

The Two Studies that Undermine Climate Change Skeptic’s Arguments

The first study takes a look at the question of how sensitive our global temperature will be to the massive amount of carbon dioxide surrounding the Earth. This reaffirmed the understanding that any sort of doubling or greenhouse gas concentration will end in significant warming.

The second study examined satellite information and observations of the layer of our atmosphere to show that the space-based warming information does not intermix with our planet’s. This has been one of the main contentment of skeptics – that the satellite measurements of our planet’s warming have been colliding with space’s warming. This study proves that not only is this data from the Earth’s surface, but the heat is more intense than earlier observations and studies.

Both of these studies answer the uncertainties that are continually brought up by individuals who claim there’s not enough information known to give reason for the action of controlling our greenhouse gas emissions.

Despite these indifferences, the majority of the proof of global warming lies in the validated policies and research assessments enshrined in the Paris Agreement. Moreover, both studies were published in highly recognized and respect peer-reviewed journals that can provide solid information and proof if this debate continues.

What Does the Satellite Data Say?

The reassessment of the satellite data once looked at the details more carefully, and found that the warming risks we face haven’t been overstated.

Skeptics usually cite the satellite temperature record almost as if it contradicts the view of warming.

The new study which was published in the Journal of Climate displays that there’s not only a large leap in warming of the Earth’s lower atmosphere, but a significant acceleration.

How Much Warming Can We Expect?

The term equilibrium climate sensitivity has been used to explain the latest recalibrations published in the peer-reviewed journal, Science Advances. This is defined as the temperature increase expected from any carbon dioxide concentration doubling in the atmosphere. The expected amount of warming has been revised often, without being narrowed down.

Simply put: this important factor remains a bit uncertain.

In the most recent assessment review of the IPPC, an international body that brings together research of thousands of scientists from all over the world, includes an estimated climate sensitivity range.

The IPCC has made the expected range at 1.5 degrees to 4.5 degrees.

Climate change skeptics have taken this lower range as an excuse to say the Earths warming may be lower than expected.

However, the reason for this large range is because Harvard University Scientists recognize that the temperature dynamics of the planet are complex. With this complexity comes slower and faster methods of warming. While certain temperatures may not be displayed in recent temperature observations, it doesn’t mean that these temperatures aren’t on their way.

These complex statistical presentations bring the ancient temperature records into light with what the scientific models have predicted. This again, undermines one of the more popular arguments climate change skeptics have used.

What Does This Mean for Us and for Skeptics?

There has been so much research and information done on climate change to prove its existence and its origin.

For many people, these skeptical debates are difficult to swallow or take seriously. That being said, there are still skeptics who refuse to accept the evidence and research done on the topic.

So, what can we do?

While we begin to make changes in our own lives towards a healthier and cooler climate, we can also prepare for the worst: a debate with a climate denier.

If you find yourself in this sort of situation, we suggest referring to this Grist article for support in your endeavor

The fight against climate change involves everyone’s participation in order to meet the requirements of the Paris Climate Agreement and to avoid the worst possible future consequences of its effects.